The humanitarian situation in Haiti
These include a sharp increase in food insecurity resulting from drought and the prolonged effects of “El Nino”, the persistence of cholera and a protection crisis triggered by the forced / voluntary return of thousands of Haitians from the Dominican Republic. The immediate needs of the 60,000 people who remain displaced from the 2010 earthquake cannot be overlooked. Finally, the country has a high exposure to climate hazards and natural disasters coupled with limited national response capacity. Haiti remains a largely fragile environment from a governance and development perspectives with high insecurity, overpopulation, widespread poverty, huge economic inequalities, a dysfunctional health system, extremely poor access to safe water and sanitation, limited agricultural production, and high environmental degradation. Despite vast international support after the 2010 earthquake, the capacity of the national institutions to respond to these risks and to any unforeseen shocks - without external support - remains limited.
Emergency causes: Hurricane Matthew, a powerful category 4 Atlantic hurricane, hit the south western tip of Haiti making landfall at about 11:00 GMT on Tuesday, 4 October, and then follow on to the east of Cuba and the Bahamas.
Principal and general effects: Matthew's overall death toll stands at nine -- five in Haiti and four in the Dominican Republic -- but is certain to rise as the storm bruises its way north. A partial assessment of the damage in Haiti that excluded the department of Grande Anse, which was in the direct eye of the storm, indicated that 14,500 people had been displaced and 1,855 homes flooded.
Our local partners the “Jesuits”, which came back in 1986 to Haiti as they had been removed from the country by Aristide.
Haiti depends on the Canadian province. A total of 50 haitian jesuits: 25 priests + 30 on formation. They show a big interest and support for Fe y Alegría.
Working with Fe y Alegría, during this next year 2016-2017, there is presence of 3 priests and 2 priests on formation + 1 more in Ounameth (NorthEast).
There are 4 institutions of the Society of Jesus in the country: SJM-Solidarité Frontelier (Migrant Jesuit Service), Fe y Alegría, CERFAS -Research Center and the Noviciate.
Indicators: Total population: 10M; people in need of Humanitarian Assistance: 2,1M; IDPs by earthquake: 60K; Cholera & health diseases: 1,4M; Food insecure: 3,6M; Malnourished children: 130K. (OCHA Dec. 2015)